|Acid reflux or GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) occurs when the liquid which is in the stomach backs up into the esophagus. This can be usually a condition which persists throughout the life of the individual. Because the acid backs up into the esophagus, the esophagus may be damaged.
Acid reflux (GERD) can have some of causes. The action of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) may be one cause. The esophagus connects for the stomach. There is a muscle ring that goes around the end of the esophagus on the point where it meets the stomach. This can be the LES. When we eat or drink the LES allows the foodstuff to pass into the stomach then the muscle ring closes so the meals does not reflux. People with acid reflux (GERD) might have abnormalities making use of their LES. The LES may have a weak contraction so there is a very good chance of reflux. Or, the LES may be too relaxed. The longer the LES is open (relaxed) reflux can easily occur.
Another cause of acid reflux (GERD) is really a hiatal hernia. Many people with acid reflux have hiatal hernias and some do not. Hiatal hernias are not a pre-requisite for acid reflux, but a large level of people who have acid reflux DO have hiatal hernias. A hiatal hernia disrupts the location of the LES. The LES needs to be over a level using the diaphragm but due for the hiatal hernia the LES is pushed up and lies in the chest. This can be a problem because the diaphragm is really a large section of helping the LES to prevent reflux. Now the pressure of both the LES and diaphragm aren't working being a strong unit. The hiatal hernia contributes to the reflux because of the decreased pressure.
Acid reflux can be also caused with a hiatal hernia due towards the hernial sac. The location of the sac is near the esophagus. Acid gets trapped in the sac. Because the sac is indeed close to the esophagus, when the LES relaxes, it is simple to reflux.
The hiatal hernia can lead to acid reflux in a third way. Normally the esophagus connects for the stomach at an angle creating a flap of tissue. The hiatal hernia results in the flap becoming warped and therefore it is useless to stop reflux.
Individuals with acid reflux use a problem using the contraction of the esophageal muscles after they swallow. This really is an issue because the contraction pushes all of the items in the esophagus into the stomach. If there is not really a good contraction then the acid does not get pushed back and remains in the esophagus. Smoking disturbs the clearing of the esophagus too. It will take about six hours from the last cigarette you smoke for the effect on the esophagus to wear off.
Acid reflux is most common after meals. It really is always better to become vertical so gravity can help the acid move down into the stomach. Large meals usually are not recommended for people who have acid reflux.
There are many different reasons people might have acid reflux. Learning the cause may help in your quest to relieve some of the discomfort of acid reflux.
Tratamiento para el Reflujo